Functional diagnostics and therapy

What are craniomandibular dysfunctions?

The most common symptoms

It is still not common knowledge that displaced and malpositioned upper and lower jaws can be the causes of a number of disorders such as painful teeth, muscle pains and pain in and around the jaw joints. As a result of long-standing non-physiological strain, the teeth show signs of abrasion (wear) on their occlusal surface. Teeth can become loose and sore due to the breakdown and loss of the surrounding supporting bone. Pain in the muscles of the head, neck and tension in the pectoral girdle region can occur due to the muscle strain or shortening. Arthritic changes accompanied by pain can occur in and around the jaw joint. Earaches and ringing of the ears (tinnitus) are common. Since the malpositioning of the jaw affects body statics, the body is no longer balanced, body weight shifts to one of the sides (hip, knee and foot). The collection of these symptoms is called a craniomandibular dysfunction and because of a wide spectrum of symptoms it is easy to attribute it to other disorders or conditions or not recognize it at all.



What are the most common symptoms?

Chronic headache, painful musculature of the head and neck, dizzy spells, vertigo, limited opening of the mouth, difficulty swallowing, sensitivity to light, ringing of the ears (tinnitus).


Diagnosis can be reached based on a thorough anamnesis as well as manual and technical analysis. If there are symptoms which indicate jaw joint problems there is a possibility of computer analysis of the functional state of the joint with the help of a Condylocomp device.



Depending on the cause of the disorders, therapy can range from simple procedures which unburden the masticatory system and relax the musculature, or very complex procedures which bring the interjaw relations back to its physiological position. Such procedures usually demand a complete reconstruction of the occlusal surface of the teeth. In this procedure we are guided by occlusal principles. It is very important to state that the occlusal principles are a prerequisite and the basis for performing all restorative or restorative procedures (fillings, crowns, dental implants, bridges).